Edfu Temple

The Temple of Edfu is an ancient Egyptian temple located on the west bank of the Nile in the city of Edfu which was known in Greco-Roman times as Apollonopolis Magna, after the chief god Horus-Apollo. It is one of the best preserved temples in Egypt. The temple, dedicated to the falcon god Horus, was built in the Ptolemaic period between 237 and 57 BC. The inscriptions on its walls provide important information on language, myth and religion during the Greco-Roman period in ancient Egypt. In particular, the Temple's inscribed building texts "provide details [both] of its construction, and also preserve information about the mythical interpretation of this and all other temples as the Island of Creation." There are also "important scenes and inscriptions of the Sacred Drama which related the age-old conflict between Horus and Seth." They are translated by the German Edfu-Project.

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Horos
Horos Edfu Temple

Horos (also Horus, Hor) was a major god in the early mythology of ancient Egypt. Originally a sky god, he was also King God, one of worlds or god of light and protector of children. In the Middle Kingdom Horus is listed as a deity of the first and eleventh Upper Egyptian nome (Ta-seti and Seth Wildlife Gau) in the Greco-Roman period on the other hand as a god of the 16th Upper Egyptian and 14th Lower Egyptian nome. Mostly he was depicted as a falcon.
Edfu Temple
Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple



Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple
Horos
Horus Edfu Temple

Horus Edfu Temple

Horus Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple
Sacred barge
Sacred barge Edfu Temple

The term barge refers to mast loose boat. In a broader sense the word is used at all for smaller watercraft. In ancient Egypt Barken played a major role for the Nile shipping and also had cultic and cultural significance. The royal barge was equipped in the early days with a simple directional pile, the king after the introduction of the re-worship replaced by the pile of world ruler Re. For example, had the 40 meter long king ship of Cheops a gold shell and served as a great home Court. As part of the festivities of the Horus-conduct the king took his royal barge to multiple breakpoints on the Nile. To this end, represented the royal barge as symbol of God the King himself. After introduction of the Re-cult in the 5th dynasty of the sun god went to the beliefs of the Egyptians during the day with a solar bark across the sky bow and crossed at night, the water of the underworld. Deceased dignitaries were transported in ceremonial processions on barges across the river to her grave site, and for the perilous way through the underworld barge models were given.

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

Edfu Temple

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